Hypertension, heart failure, peripheral or pulmonary oedema, impaired renal function, liver cirrhosis, preeclampsia. Maintain adequate water intake. Pregnancy. Inj of 3 or 5% sodium chloride solution should be given via a large vein at a rate not exceeding 100 ml/hr. Monitor fluid balance, serum electrolytes and acid base balance espcially during prolonged treatment. Caution when used in patients who are receiving corticosteroids or corticotropin.
Adult: PO Chronic salt-losing conditions Extended release 2.4-4.8 g/day, up to 12 g/day.
IV Replacement of fluid and electrolytes As 0.9, 3 or 5% soln: Dosage depends on age, wt, clinical condition and laboratory determinations of the patient.
Hypernatraemia As 0.9% soln: Dosage depends on age, wt, clinical condition and laboratory determinations of the patient.
Irrigation Irrigation of the bladder, eye, general skin and wound cleansing As 0.9% soln: Use as directed.
Eye drop:1 drop in the affected eye (s) every 3 or 4 hours or as directed by a physician.
Nasal drop: Nasal congestion As 0.9% soln/spray: Infants, children & adults : 2-6 drops into each nostril as needed daily.Use as directed.